Plums Print

Plums belong to the Rosaceae family. Their homeland is China and they were imported to Japan no more than 300 years ago. To preserve their flavor throughout the year, people have started to dry them using methods inherited from the Romans.
There are more than 140 species of plums. Plum is a stone fruit, like nectarines, peaches and apricots, but it is much more diverse than its relatives in shape, size and especially in colour. There are many different flavours from sweet to very tart. Some plums are specially selected to be dried and retain their sweetness.
Composition of plums
Prunes are rich in carbohydrates have little fat and calories. No sodium or cholesterol. They are also a good source of vitamin C and provitamin A. Plums are very high in potassium - just one glass of plum is sufficient to meet the daily needs of the body.
Plums contain high amounts of water and pectin. Sugar in them reaches 9%, fiber 0.5%, protein 0.8%. From organic acids malic acid prevail in plums - 1.3%. Vitamins are mostly those in the B group, PP and C, as already mentioned. Minerals are best represented by iron, potassium, phosphorus and calcium.
100 g of plums contain 0.28 grams of fat, 0.7 g protein, 11.4 g carbohydrates, 864 mg potassium, 80 mg calcium, 15 mg iron, 83 mg phosphorus. Prunes have a much higher energy value - 264 calories.
Varieties
Stanley
American plum variety. It is obtained by crossing varieties Ajanska and Grand Duke at the New York Agricultural Experimental Station, Geneva, USA, in 1910. It was imported in our country in 1961 and is widely spread. Standard variety for Bulgaria.
Fruit medium to large in size (average 32 – 60g) egg-shaped, elongated, asymmetrical. Belly stitching is well expressed in a medial wide groove. The skin is thin, purple-blue. The flesh is greenish-yellow, thick, and granular, juicy, separating from the stone and with very good taste.
Fruits ripen in late August - early September, but quickly overripe. The tree is moderately vigorous, with a broad upside-down pyramidal loose crown, fruitful.
Harvested in time, fruits withstand transport. At full maturity they do not tolerate storage. Fruits are suitable for fresh consumption, for making stews, dried fruits, freeze, jam, marmalade and brandy.
Yo-Yo
Moderately growing variety with early fruiting, high and constant fertility.
Fruit: Large, round, dark blue with light blue waxy coating. The flesh is crisp, juicy, with sweet-and-sour taste. They are stoned easily. The variety is resistant to fungal diseases. Very suitable for growing in areas infected with measles. Plums variety of yo-yo is suitable for direct consumption or for processing and drying.